If you are in contact with the universe of cannabis, you have probably heard the word “terpene” somewhere, including in other posts of our blog.
Terpenes are the molecules found in the cannabis flower that give cannabis all its diversity of aromas and flavors, as for example, the Blueberry Strain with a smell of berries or the Sour Diesel Strain with a taste of funky fuel.
They are produced in the plant trichomes, which are appendages that extend from the epidermis– or outer layer– of the cannabis plant, serving as a means to defend against animals, insects, and even the variables of the environment.
While different strains can produce different terpene profiles, different crops can produce different profiles even within the same strain from field to field and harvest to harvest. Environmental conditions during growth cycles, as well as the care given to the plant in the curing stages after harvest, can have significant influence over the terpene content of the flowers. These terpenes can then be preserved during the extraction process of making strain specific cannabis oils.
Like cannabinoids, terpenes are also believed to have different physiological effects due to the connections they make in the brain, such as inducing sleep, raising mood, relieving stress, and so on. There are already over 100 different terpenes identified in cannabis, and each strain turns to a unique type and composition of terpenes.
*These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA and are not
intended to diagnose, treat, or cure any disease.
*Commonly accepted medicinal effects
Terpenes are much more than just the smells and the flavors of cannabis. They present an opportunity to arrive at a deeper context of the effect of that the cannabis product might have. Although looking at the cannabinoid percentages and ratios will give you good information on the potential effects of the product, you can also inspect the terpene content to learn which patterns of terpenes or which strains might match your needs. Please also remember to seek your doctor’s advice when exploring the benefits that cannabis products might have for you.
This is the second article from the series: Anatomy of the Cannabis Plant, you can read the previous and first article of this series here: Anatomy of the Cannabis Plant: Trichomes